Medicine

CDC: Unvaccinated Oregon boy almost dies of tetanus; $1M to save him

CDC: Unvaccinated Oregon boy almost dies of tetanus; $1M to save him

He was soon diagnosed with tetanus, a serious bacterial infection that causes painful muscle spasms and could lead to death - but is preventable by vaccine. It was the first instance of the life-threatening neuromuscular disease in a child in OR in more than three decades.

The 6-year-old required 57 days of in-patient acute care, including 47 days in the intensive care unit, according to the report.

Nevertheless, the spasms causing his back and neck to arch worsened, and he developed hypertension, a speeding heart rate and a fever.

This was the first pediatric tetanus case in OR in more than 30 years.

"This is an bad disease, but ... we have had a mechanism to completely prevent it, and the reason that we have virtually no cases anymore in the United States is because we vaccinate, literally, everyone", Schaffer added. His scalp wound was cleaned by medical professionals.

At this point, doctors admitted him to the intensive care unit, where they kept him in a dark room with ear plugs to avoid stimulating him, which can exacerbate the muscle spasms. Three days later he was able to walk 20 feet-but he needed assistance. His tracheal tube was removed on Day 54, the report said. On day 44 of his hospital stay, he came off the ventilator and tolerated drinking clear liquids.

On day 57, he was transferred to a rehabilitation centre for 17 days.

A month after inpatient rehabilitation, the boy was able to go back to his normal activities, including running and bicycling.

Credit PA
Credit PA

Case study co-author Dr. Carl Eriksson, an assistant professor of pediatric critical care at Oregon Health & Science University, who was involved in the boy's treatment, wrote in an email to TIME that severe tetanus cases are very rare in the USA, where vaccination effectively prevents such conditions. It added that his parents did not allow doctors to give him a full course of vaccines to protect him against tetanus, measles, mumps, rubella, chickenpox, polio, and a range of other diseases even after the doctors told them of the benefits. The medical team subsequently sedated, intubated, and hooked him up to a mechanical ventilator. Throughout history, the disease was sometimes referred to as "lockjaw" because of the cramping of the jaw muscles that occur with its onset.

About 30 people contract tetanus each year nationwide, according to the CDC, and 16 people died of it between 2009 and 2015.

"I never thought I would see a case of severe tetanus in the United States", Guzman-Cottrill told Stat.

The CDC recommends children receive five doses of the DTaP vaccine - at 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 15 to 18 months, and 4 to 6 years of age.

The boy's hospital stay alone, not counting costs for air-lifting, the rehab center and follow-up care, resulted in charges totaling nearly $812,000 - 72 times more than the average US pediatric hospitalization, the case study says.

The US Centers for Disease Control shared a detailed report of the case last Friday, in the hopes of reminding the public of the importance of vaccines.

The World Health Organization has identified "vaccine hesitancy" as one of the top 10 global health threats for 2019. Measles is also preventable with a vaccination. "Vaccination is one of the most cost-effective ways of avoiding disease - it now prevents 2-3 million deaths a year, and a further 1.5 million could be avoided if global coverage of vaccinations improved".

No militants will be allowed to attack from Pakistani soil: Imran Khan
The attack which claimed the lives of 40 CRPF men was claimed by Pakistan-based terror group Jaish-e-Mohammed. He said Pakistan should take concrete steps "against terrorists and terror infrastructure" on its territory.


  • Chiefs, RB Hyde reach 1-year deal

    Chiefs, RB Hyde reach 1-year deal

    The addition of Hyde gives the Chiefs another well-rounded running back who can also be a reliable pass catcher. Tinker had one season remaining on a four-year, $3.65 million contract extension signed in 2015.
    R Kelly released from jail after making child support payment

    R Kelly released from jail after making child support payment

    Kelly told " CBS This Morning " during an interview this past week that people had stolen money from his bank accounts. Valencia Patrice Love, of Romeoville, has described herself as a friend of Kelly and a fan of his music.
    New York Mets legend Tom Seaver diagnosed with dementia

    New York Mets legend Tom Seaver diagnosed with dementia

    Seaver pitched for the Mets from 1967 until 1977, when he was traded to Cincinnati after a public spat with Mets chairman M. The news comes a day after Seaver's family announced he has been diagnosed with dementia and will retire from public life.
  • Warriors reached out to Andrew Bogut 2 months ago

    Warriors reached out to Andrew Bogut 2 months ago

    In four seasons with the Warriors, he averaged 6.3 points, 8.3 rebounds, 2.2 assists and 1.71 blocks a game in 236 games for the Oakland-based team.
    Newcastle United hope to rebound against Everton tomorrow

    Newcastle United hope to rebound against Everton tomorrow

    The Toffees are unbeaten in their last two games keeping clean sheets in both of those games against Liverpool and Cardiff . United suffered a setback last weekend after a disappointing 2-0 defeat at the London Stadium.
    Eric Weddle has received offers from 11 teams

    Eric Weddle has received offers from 11 teams

    Barron started 12 regular-season games and all three playoff games for the Rams last season, making 74 combined tackles. Weddle reportedly considered retirement and has previously said the the Ravens would be the last team he played for .
  • Turbulence injures 30 on flight from Istanbul to NY

    Turbulence injures 30 on flight from Istanbul to NY

    Port Authority spokesman Steve Coleman said one injury was a broken leg. Earlier, a spokesman for the FDNY said 32 people were injured.
    Western states air concerns over rights in Saudi Arabia

    Western states air concerns over rights in Saudi Arabia

    Lawmakers have said they believe the Saudi crown prince ordered the killing, but Trump has been reluctant to place blame. Thirty-six countries have signed an open letter criticising Saudi Arabia's human rights record, media reported.
    No. 4 Duke holds on to beat Wake Forest

    No. 4 Duke holds on to beat Wake Forest

    The team that could overtake the Blue Devils for a top seed resides eight miles down the road in Chapel Hill. But he said it's more likely Williamson will return for Duke's first ACC tournament game on March 14.
  • Japanese woman named world's oldest person at 116 years old

    Japanese woman named world's oldest person at 116 years old

    The oldest verified person ever - Jeanne Louise Calment of France - died in 1997 at the age of 122, according to Guinness. The oldest man that has ever lived was a Japanese , Jiroemon Kimura, who died in 2013 at the age of 116 years and 54 days.

    Browns acquire LB Olivier Vernon in trade with Giants

    Vernon, 28, spent the first four years of his career with the Miami Dolphins and has 51 career sacks in 103 games. The Browns received Olivier Vernon , who will team up with Myles Garrett to form a formidable pass-rushing duo.
    China's Huawei sues US over federal ban on its products

    China's Huawei sues US over federal ban on its products

    It also says the National Defense Authorization Act violates a bill of attainder clause by "singling out Huawei for punishment". Huawei said it filed the lawsuit in the Eastern District Court in Plano, Texas where it has its United States headquarters.