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Russian Federation plans to disconnect from global Internet for cyber-defense

Russian Federation plans to disconnect from global Internet for cyber-defense

The bill envisions the "Runet" - the Russian segment of the internet - being able to operate independently from the rest of the world in case of global malfunctions or deliberate internet disconnection. The test will mean data passing between Russian citizens and organisations stays inside the nation rather than being routed internationally. The exact test date has not been revealed, but it's scheduled to take place before April 1, 2019.

ZDNet also reports that Russian officials "plan to route 95 percent of all internet traffic locally by 2020".

The test is being carried out as Russian Federation receives various threats regarding sanctions from North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and others over its alleged use of cyber-hacking tactics that involves global espionage.

The experiment comes as lawmakers there assess the Digital Economy National Program, draft legislation that was submitted to Russia's parliament a year ago, according to the RBK news agency.

The bill passed its first reading by 334 votes to 47 after an unusually heated debate in the State Duma, where many lawmakers from minority parties criticised it as too costly and argued that it was not written by experts.

Speaking at a forum in January, Leonid Levin, Chairman of the Committee on Informational Policy, Technologies and Communication, said that Russia's disconnection from the internet "is one possible scenario amid the escalation of worldwide tensions". This "Digital Economy National Program" calls on Russian Federation to develop its own form of the internet's address system (DNS).

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The legal changes would introduce a national domain name registry. But critics of Vladimir Putin fear the move would see Moscow launch its own version of the "Great Firewall of China", which restricts the country's internet users' access.

Reports say Russian legislators have given tentative approval to a draft legislation that could isolate the country's internet.

- Provide for training and drills that would help key people in the Internet industry and government foresee threats and work out measures to counter them.

Russian telecom providers must incorporate "technical solutions" to enable internet traffic to pass via points approved by or owned by Roskomnadzor, the Russian telecom watchdog.

Russian Federation is making preparations to detach itself from the rest of the world by temporarily disconnecting from the internet, as it prepares for future cyber warfare.