Medicine

World Antibiotic Awareness Week focuses on working together

World Antibiotic Awareness Week focuses on working together

The World Health Organization (WHO) warned of the risky increase in antibiotic consumption in some countries, but also of low use in other regions, which can lead to the emergence of deadly antibiotic-resistant bacteria, commonly dubbed superbugs.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) said antibiotic resistance was one of the biggest threats to global health, food security and development. "By using antibiotics carefully, bacteria are less likely to become resistant to them", says Mr Kinsella.

"Where patients are not sure of how and when to take their antibiotics or other medications, advice should be sought from a pharmacist or other healthcare professionals", he cautioned.

He said antibiotic resistance had come about due to many complicated factors and needed to be tackled holistically. The less said about them is better as they bother least about attending even many urgent medical issues. On the other hand, "reserve" antibiotics - powerful last resort antibiotics used to treat hard cases of multidrug resistant bacteria - made up only 2% of total antibiotic consumption.

The five days of World Antibiotic Awareness Week features tailored multiday messaging that corresponds to each of the five strategic objectives of the GAP - awareness, global AMR surveillance, infection prevention and control, optimal antimicrobial use and investment and R&D. Burundi had the lowest rate, at 4.4 doses per 1,000 people, a finding that suggests the country, and a number of others, may not have adequate access to antibiotic usage. The lack of access to quality assured antibiotics drives people to buy antibiotics without a prescription, something not now captured.

In recognition of the 2018 US Antibiotic Awareness Week and World Antibiotic Awareness Week, 12-18 November, America's pig farmers want consumers to realise the continuous improvement and antibiotic stewardship efforts underway. One of the aims of the event is to start a conversation about why people need to change their behaviours and attitudes towards antibiotics. New resistance mechanisms in bacteria are emerging and spreading globally, threatening our ability to treat common infectious diseases.

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Don't keep leftover antibiotics to use next time you are sick. This is a very significant step on a national level to prevent antibiotic resistance.

Moreover, the lack of access to quality assured antibiotics pushes individuals to buy antibiotics without a prescription, and this variable is not now captured by the surveillance system.

Never treat viral infections with antibiotics.

The Executive Secretary attributed the occurrence mainly to the irresponsible and irrational use of antimicrobials and urged the general public to comply with prescriptions given on antibiotics to reduce resistance. Dr Owen Kaluwa, the WHO Country Representative to Ghana, said this year, the Organisation had introduced sub-themes to showcase the huge work underway to tackle antimicrobial resistance, which demonstrated "how antibiotics are linked to humans, animals and the environment".

Do not use antibiotics in asymptomatic bacteriuria.