Medicine

Canada Updates Guidelines for Hepatitis C Virus Infection

Canada Updates Guidelines for Hepatitis C Virus Infection

Hepatitis B was detected in 40 (4.93 percent) of the screened people and hepatitis C was found in 2 (less than 0.24 percent) of the screening group.

Globally every year 1.4 million people die from hepatitis, which can be transmitted from the mother to baby, via sexual contact or upon contact with infected blood.

According to the World Health Organizations (WHO), one-third of the world's population has been infected with HBW, and more than 350 million suffer from chronic infection.

According to him, hepatitis could cause chronic liver diseases, liver cancer and death without manifesting any weighty symptoms. Around 400 million people are infected with Hepatitis B virus in the world today. Those who develop chronic hepatitis, subsequently develop cirrhosis which has effect on the brain and bleeding or jaundice and then end up requiring a transplant or they develop a liver cancer.

Viral hepatitis causes about 1.34 million deaths each year. Direct treatment for hepatitis A is not now available, but there is a highly effective vaccine that individuals with risk factors should get.

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WHO and partners are calling on countries to urgently increase hepatitis testing and treatment services in order to eliminate viral hepatitis as a public health threat by 2030. Hepatitis B virus and Hepatitis C virus are predominantly spread via parenteral route and are notorious to cause chronic hepatitis which can lead to grave complications including cirrhosis of liver and hepatocellular carcinoma.

NY is now home to the nation's first strategy to eliminate hepatitis C, according to Governor Andrew Cuomo. Of these, almost 25%, i.e. over 1 million, may develop chronic liver disease within 2 decades and 1%-4% of them may develop liver cancer. These are the two main reasons for the spread of Hepatitis B. In terms of percutaneous, that spread through the skin, those who require repeated blood transfusion that is the commonest form of spread of Hepatitis C. This happens in certain conditions like hemophilia, sickle cell, anemia where there is a deficiency of blood and they have to be transfused repeatedly. More than 90% of this burden is due to the sequelae of liver infections with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV).

New Delhi- Infections of hepatitis C are 83 per cent more prevalent among people living in north India, says a report from SRL Diagnostics.

Various blood tests are available to diagnose cases of hepatitis.

World Health Organization has made a decision to observe 28th July as "World Hepatitis Day" to create awareness among people about the infection, its consequences and the ways and means to prevent the spread of this terrible and fatal disease. Most of the times, people ignore the symptoms and receive treatment in the later stages of the infection. We are seeing the greatest increase of new infections among young people with a history of injection drug use and sharing drug use equipment like needles, cottons, water or cookers increases the risk of getting the illness.