Sci-tech

Hawaii volcano is primed to launch hot boulders

Hawaii volcano is primed to launch hot boulders

Cindy McMillan, communications director for Ige's office, said the goal of the summary was to prove that the disaster has cost more than the $1.9 million threshold required for federal assistance. The costs will skyrocket if there needs to be large-scale air and sea evacuations. And now, a new threat: The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory identified a new fissure in the ground, the 15th surface crack where lava and gasses are escaping.

"Based on the severity of the damage and preliminary assessments, it is clear that recovery will overwhelm state and county resources", the delegation wrote in a letter to President Trump. That explosion killed one person and sent rocks, ash and dust into the air for 17 days.

Scientists worry Kilauea volcano could soon send boulders and ash shooting out of its summit crater.

Steam and gas rise from Kilauea's summit crater in Volcanoes National Park, Hawaii, Wednesday, May 9, 2018. However, quake activity and ground deformation continue and additional outbreaks in the general area of Leilani Estates are likely.

Since 1784, the year of the earliest recorded volcano fatality in areas that are part of the present-day United States, at least 421 of those have occurred as a direct or indirect result of volcanic activity at Kilauea in Hawaii - the country's deadliest volcano and the source of the current lava event on the Big Island. The fear is that those residents would have no way to get out if another fissure opens up. Recent natural disaster activity has been concentrated on the downrift, or east side, of the existing Leilani Estates fissures.

Deformation of the ground in the area continues and seismicity remains elevated, USGS reports. Ige said crews at the plant near the lava outbreak accelerated the removal of stored flammable fuel with safety in mind.

Workers are moving the fuel to an industrial park about 30 miles (48.2 kilometers) away. But all of the pentane is expected to be removed by the end of the day today (May 10), the Associated Press reported.

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Janet Coney, office manager of the Kilauea Lodge, an inn and restaurant, said officials told her lodge employees probably won't have to worry about rocks raining down on them but might experience falling ash.

As of 11 a.m. Thursday, those quakes had progressed as far as Highway 132 beyond Puna Geothermal Venture.

It was enough to leave the residents of Leilani Estates, Hawaii fleeing the area through cracked and burning streets with no idea as to when they could return home. And with new fissures are opening closer to the edge of the plant, residents are getting even more anxious. As of Thursday morning, no fissures were spewing lava, though gas emissions remain high. Some two dozen homes have burned. The Hawaii Volcanoes National Park houses the crater and the surrounding region.

If Kilauea Volcano on Hawaii Island goes into what is now predicted as "a new cycle of violent eruption" with massive smoke, fumes and poisonous Sulfur Dioxide gas and equally poisonous Hydrogen Sulfide gas, when the trade winds eventually shift, Maui and Oahu could also be at risk for the potentially deadly vog. These hotspots are newly formed fissures and lava flows.

Tsunamis are the second-biggest driver of volcano-related deaths, with almost 57,000 fatalities recorded.

The U.S. Geological Survey says that a sudden eruption could happen when the lava flows increase from its crater down the face and as magma flows below the water table.